These are the most common IDIOMS with UP and DOWN used in English:
以下是香港正版2019开码网站中最常用的含有up和down俚语:

UP
关于up的俚语

act up = to misbehave
行为不当

My son used to act up every day when he was little.
我儿子小的时候,每天都要调皮捣蛋。

bottle up = stay hidden
避而不谈

He would rather bottle up rather than solve the problems at work.
他宁愿避而不谈也不愿解决工作中的问题。

break up = end a relationship
分手

Jessica just broke up with her boyfriend.
杰西卡刚和男朋友分手。

back up = to copy something as a security measure
安全备份

My computer crashes three times this week, so I need to back up all my data now.
这周我的电脑死机三次,所以我现在需要备份所有数据。

blow up = to get angry very fast
发脾气

Mr. Moore blows up almost every class because Jack is always late.
因为杰克总是迟到,摩尔先生几乎把每节课都搞砸了。

brighten up = to make cheerful, happy
使高兴;使高兴

My sister tried to brighten up my day when I was feeling said.
当我感觉有人说的时候,我姐姐试图让我的一天变得愉快。

butter up = to flatter
奉承

She always butters up her boss when the new job position is available.
当新的工作职位空缺时,她总是奉承她的老板。

catch up = to share news with someone
跟某人分享新闻

I haven’t seen him for such a long time, and it was great to catch up.
我好久没见他了,能赶上他真是太好了。

chat up = to have a light, friendly conversation
聊天=轻松友好的交谈

She went to that bar only because she liked chatting up with the handsome bartender.
她去那家酒吧只是因为她喜欢和英俊的酒保聊天。

come up with = think of something, a plan or an idea
想出某物、计划或想法

We have to come up with a plan!
我们必须想出一个计划!

cover up = to hide, conceal
遮掩

Even in court, he still tried to cover up everything that he did.
即使在法庭上,他仍然试图掩盖他所做的一切。

doll up = to dress formally, to dress for a special occasion
打扮

My mom needs to doll up before her birthday party.
我妈妈需要在生日聚会前打扮一下。

dress up = to have very nice clothes on
穿上漂亮的衣服

Alicia always liked to dress up for her dates.
艾丽西娅总是喜欢盛装赴约。

eat up = to believe immediately
立刻相信

He ate up everything that his psychologist told him.
他相信心理学家告诉他的一切。

end up – to turn out, conclude
最后——结果是,得出结论

He ended up working at his father’s company.
他最后在他父亲的公司工作。

fix up = to make right, adjust
纠正

Melissa fixed up her dress before going out.
梅丽莎出门前把衣服整理好。

give up = surrender, admit failure
放弃=投降,承认失败

I will never give up.
我永远不会放弃。

head up = to lead, to take charge
领导,负责

You have to head up all the meetings today.
你今天必须主持所有的会议。

hold up = to wait, to delay
等待,延迟

What’s holding up the presentation?
什么阻碍了演示?

hung up = thinking or worrying about someone/something
挂掉,挂掉

She was too hung up about her wedding.
她太沉迷于婚礼了。

juice up = to charge
充电

I have to juice up my laptop because the battery is dead.
我得给笔记本电脑充电,因为电池没电了。

keep up = to continue
继续

Keep up the good work everyone!
大家继续努力!

kiss up to = to show false flattery
亲吻

Everyone knew she was kissing up to the boss to get a better job.
每个人都知道她是为了找一份更好的工作而和老板接吻。

line up = have something/someone ready
排队=准备好东西/某人

Do you have any food lined up?
你有排队的食物吗?

loosen up = to relax
放松

You have been very stressed lately – you have to loosen up.
你最近压力很大,你必须放松。

make up = to reconcile after a quarrel/fight
和解

I can’t stay mad at you anymore, let’s make up?
我不能再生你的气了,我们和好吗?

mess up = to make a mistake, to ruin
弄糟

He totally messed up the cake.
他把蛋糕弄得一团糟。

roll up one’s sleeves = to prepare to work
卷起袖子=准备工作

He rolled up his sleeves, and started packing.
他卷起袖子,开始收拾行李。

round up = to collect or gather something
收集某物

Round up the employees for the meeting!
召集员工参加会议!

screw up = to ruin, to make a mess
搞砸,弄乱

He totally screwed up on his exam.
他考试考砸了。

sign up = to commit oneself to a period of employment/education
致力于一段就业/教育时期

Kevin signed up for his first Psychology course online.
凯文在网上报名参加了他的第一个心理学课程。

speed up = to make something go faster
加速

You have to speed up your car if you want to be there on time.
如果你想准时到那儿,你必须加快车速。

split up = to separate, to break apart from the group
分开

They had to split up in order to find Jimmy.
为了找到吉米,他们不得不分开。

suck up = flatter someone excessively
过分奉承

He sucked up to the teacher only to get a better grade.
他为了得到更好的成绩而向老师讨好。

take up = occupy time, space, attention
占用时间、空间、注意力

It’s going to take up too much time.
要花太多时间。

tied up = very busy
非常忙碌

He is always tied up with work.
他总是忙于工作。

think up = to invent or imagine something
思考

We have to think up an excuse for why we didn’t go to school.
我们得想出一个不上学的理由。

up the creek = to be in serious trouble
遇到严重麻烦

If I don’t pay the bill by tomorrow, I will be up the creek.
如果我明天不付款,我就要麻烦了。

wind up = end up in a specific situation, place
在特定情况下结束,地点

I never thought I would wind up in Australia.
我从来没想过我会去澳大利亚。

DOWN
关于down的俚语

back down = to take a less aggressive position
采取不那么激进的立场

I was about to win the argument, but I had to back down.
我本来想赢得这场争论,但我不得不放弃。

break down = to become unstable due to stress
因压力而变得不适

She broke down today at work, so she took a day off.
她今天上班时身体不适,所以请了一天假。

calm down = to become less excited
冷静下来

Please, calm down before you hurt somebody.
请在你伤害别人之前冷静下来。

clamp down on = to end something
结束某事

We have to clamp down on illegal businesses.
我们必须取缔非法生意。

close down = to stop trading as a business
关闭=停止作为企业进行交易

Their company will close down soon.
他们的公司很快就会倒闭。

cool down = to become less agitated
冷静下来

Wait till he cools down, and then apologize to him.
等他冷静下来,然后向他道歉。

dress down = to scold
盛装训斥

Jessica was just dressing down the employees.
杰西卡只是敷衍员工。

dumb down = to convey something in simple words
用简单的语言表达某物

She couldn’t understand the teacher, so he had to dumb down the explanation for her.
她听不懂老师的话,所以他只好把解释给她听。

flag down = to get someone’s attention
引起某人的注意

You really have to flag down; otherwise, she won’t even look at you.
你真的要退缩,否则她甚至不会看你。

go down = to change from greater value to lesser
从较大值变为较小值

The prices really went down this month.
这个月物价真的下跌了。

hands down = easily, without too much effort
容易,不需要太多的努力

He finished the test in 10 minutes hands down.
他在10分钟内亲手完成了测试。

hunt down = to find with difficulty
很难找到

It was hard to hunt down all the suspects.
很难找到所有的嫌疑犯。

jot down = to make a note
记下

Can you jot down the main ideas from the meeting, please?
请你把会议的主要想法记下来好吗?

keep down = to stay quiet
保持安静

Jack, can you keep it down, we are trying to sleep?
杰克,你能不能小声点,我们在睡觉?

man down = to lose courage
失去勇气

You cannot man down when it comes to you family.
当涉及到你的家庭时,你不能屈服。

I cannot understand your main idea, can you narrow it down, please?
我不能理解你的主要想法,请你缩小范围好吗?

settle down = to establish a lifestyle, to marry
安定下来

Julie and Jack finally settled down.
朱莉和杰克终于安顿下来了。

shut down = to end, to close
关闭

We have to shut down the party, because it’s getting late.
我们得把聚会关掉,因为天要晚了。

turn down = to refuse, to decline
拒绝

Unfortunately, they turned down our offer.
不幸的是,他们拒绝了我们的报价。